Why do people with Dyslexia need alternative
methods of instruction in order to be successful?
Language can be divided into four basic areas:
reading and speaking (expressive language)
listening, and writing (receptive language).
Listening and speaking,
seem to be instinctive to humans.
Young children can learn the sounds of speech,
acquire spoken language and
unconsciously master its structure,
even if they receive no direct instruction.
Written language is NOT as simple to learn,
NOR is reading.
There has been controversy as to
the "best" method for teaching reading and
two major philosophies dominate the field.
1) The first philosophy is based on the belief that visual recognition and
decoding of words come naturally simply by reading.
This philosophy does NOT include the direct instruction
of the letters and their sounds.
2) The second philosophy is based on the belief that learning to read
is a gradual process, requiring systematic teaching methods.
To learn to read, all children must develop
according to Sally Shaywitz,
author of "Overcoming Dyslexia"
and co-director of the
Yale Centre for the Study of Learning and Attention.
Ms Shaywitz’s research shows that children need
to understand that words can be broken down
into very small units of sound (phonemes)
and that written words are composed of letters
which correspond with these sounds.
The part of the brain which processes this information
is affected in people with Dyslexia.
This difficulty impacts on further steps in the process of reading,
even if other parts of the brain remain in working order.
The brain is like a computer.
It cannot process information if one of the circuits works differently,
or not at all.
Learning challenges can be more frustrating for people with Dyslexia
because they often excel in other areas of their lives.
This can result in discouragement,delinquency, or simply giving up.
People with Dyslexia need to be taught differently
to read and write effectively.
Alternative teaching methods have been developed for people with Dyslexia
which have helped eliminate the frustration and have produced excellent results.
People with Dyslexia need a
systematic, sequential and direct teaching methods
to learn to read, write and spell.
They need to know why words are spelled and pronounced in a certain way,
and they need to learn the meanings of words.
Our eclectic Literacy Programs at
LEARN @ HOME
meet the unique learning needs of people with Dyslexia,
and others who are learning to read and write,
using alternative methods of instruction.